Section 5

The Science Behind ABSAqua Combat

Most everyone can all agree that ABS™ Aqua Combat is a great workout, but let's dive in and find out exactly why it is so great for our health.

Section 5 | The Science Behind ABS™ Aqua Combat
Benefits, Hydrodynamic drag, Buoyancy, Turbulence

Module 8  | ABS™ Aqua Combat Benefits

The Aquatic Environment
Science & Benefits of ABS™ Aqua Combat 

As a body is submerged in water, it will be exposed to a variety of water properties which will affect the way it acts and reacts in the water. Turbulence, hydrodynamic drag, inertia, buoyancy and the viscosity of the water are all contributing factors and make up the physiological properties of water. For our intents and purposes, let's take a deeper look at just three of these properties: hydrodynamic drag, buoyancy, and turbulence.


Hydrodynamic Drag, or in layman's terms, drag resistance, refers to the resistance experienced by a body when moving through the water due to the water’s viscosity (or thickness of water). Drag resistance is found in opposition
to any movement performed in the water. Think of it this way, when submerged in a pool, the water is actively pushing onto your body. In order to perform a movement, you must push against the water. This contributes to the intensity of a workout. ABS™ Aqua Combat allows participants to increase the intensity of their workout through the use of accessories like bells, gloves, and mitts that serve to increase drag resistance. The greater the surface area of the accessories the greater the drag resistance and therefore the more intense the workout. 

Drag Resistance - actively pushing against the force of the water.

Buoyancy is defined as an upward force exerted by a fluid that opposes the weight of a partially or fully immersed object. In other words, it is the ability of the body when submerged in liquid (in our case the pool) to rise or float. So what does that mean for an ABS™ Aqua Combat workout?


Let's talk about the Center of Buoyancy. when submerged in water, our bodies have a Center of Gravity (COG) and a Center of Buoyancy (COB). When standing upright, the center of buoyancy is around the mid-chest level, directly above the center of gravity which is located in the pelvis. (See image below) When both centers are aligned vertically the body will be stable and feel balanced.


When performing ABS™ Aqua Combat, the body will be moving through a variety of positions, thus "throwing off the body's stability". This sends a signal to the brain to trigger the autonomic nervous system to contract the core muscles in an effort to stabilize the body, thus strengthening the deep core muscles: multifidus; transverse abdominis; pelvic floor, and diaphragm. Having a strong core provides many benefits like improved posture, reduced back pain, reduced risk of injuries, and increased sports performance.

Bouyancy 1.png

Turbulence is the whitewash, currents, and whirlpools you create as you move your body through the water. More movement results in more turbulence. For example, think about performing a side kick in the water. As you chamber your leg from a standing position and kick it out to the side, you are disturbing the water laterally on the left, virtually causing a current. Now, as you bring your leg back to its original starting position, you are pushing against this current and at the same time creating a new one. This creation of currents, whirlpools, and the like increases muscular effort, and ultimately the aerobic resistance required to move through the water. Moving against the multidirectional resistance of water works all the muscles and helps promote muscle balance. 


Section 6: Teaching Aqua Combat

In the next section, you will learn the ABS™ Aqua Combat formula.